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The Forest (Bosco Limite) in Carmignano di Brenta

An avant-garde project aimed at regenerating the aquifers

In the upper Paduan plain, in a rural context historically used for the cultivation of cereals, an artificial wood (bosco) has been created to help increment the underground water resources of Veneto. Thanks to an innovative and economically viable project, an efficient system of alimentation of underground water, along with the creation of a small, level forest, was instigated.

In the territory of Carmignano di Brenta, the most northerly point of Padua province, stretches an area known as Bosco Limite, an experimental zone of 23,500 square meters that is actually the largest Forested Infiltration Area (FIA) in Veneto, created to regenerate aquifers and preserve biodiversity. The wood grows in an area once used for the intensive cultivation of maize. Here, the Brenta Reclamation Consortium has set up a new derivation system capable of pumping large quantities of water into the permeable ground of the high plain, seeking to increment the underground water reserves. The land, once used for intensive agriculture, has thus been completely transformed and revitalized. At the same time, the Bosco Limite safeguards the aquifers from infiltration of fertilisers and weed-killer. It has become one of the most forward thinking models of native reforestation in Veneto.
The project allows for the regeneration of aquifers by means of a artificial water network that is over a kilometer long. Connected to the river Brenta, the network can pump up to a million cubic metres of water per hectare into the subsoil each year. In an aim to reconstruct the typical environment of ancient level forests, over 2,300 species of trees and bushes have been planted, including oaks, hornbeam, ash and elm. The area is therefore ideal for recreation, with its highly popular educational itinerary and paths that can be accessed on foot, by bike or on horseback.
ETIFOR, spin off of the University of Padua, has played a key role in the development of Bosco Limite. Not only have they covered the costs of the artificial water system and the high-quality woodland, ETIFOR have also activated the long-term reduction of carbon monoxide emissions, specifically through the action of the trees. It is estimated that the wood captures 50,000 kg of carbon monoxide per year and emissions are reduced by 90% through the use of fossil fuels for agricultural vehicles. Periodical cleaning up of the wood provides around 40 quintals of wood per year, an excellent source of renewable energy. Data related to the sustainability of the project is constantly updated on their dedicated website.

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How to Get There

By train: the Forest is located about 6 km. from Carmignano di Brenta station (Treviso-Vicenza railway line), with good cycle-rail interchange facilities.
By car: exit the A31 Motorway (Rovigo-Piovene Rocchette) at “Vicenza Nord”, proceed towards Cittadella along the SR53 road until you reach San Pietro in Gu, then turn North towards Pozzoleone.

information

Opening times for visitors:
Bosco Limite
Where to eat: we suggest the Albergo Osteria Scaldaferro, where it is possible to taste traditional Venetian cuisine and the “Ristorante Tre Rose” (Via San Giovanni 18, Carmignano di Brenta; tel. 049 5957272) which serves excellent fish dishes.
Where to stay: in the vicinity we recommend the Albergo Osteria Scaldaferro and, further North in Rosà, the Bed&Breakfast Carpe Diem. In Bassano del Grappa is the Bike Hotel Alla Corte, wich provides facilities and services for cyclists.
Canoe and Kayak Tours:
Onda Selvaggia - Centro sport fluviali
Ivan Team - Centro nazionale rafting e canoe sul fiume Brenta

In the environs

Oasi di Ca' di Mezzo

Ca' di Mezzo natural Oasis

The self-cleansing properties of rivers exploited in a project to protect the Lagoon

Museo delle Idrovore di Santa Margherita

The Santa Margherita Water Pump Museum

An operational nineteenth century water pump retells the history of the land and its reclamation

Borgo fluviale di Bovolenta

Bovolenta canal village

Along the Salt and Sugar Routes, the fluvial intersection to and from the Adriatic

Museo Archeologico Ambientale delle Acque di Padova

The Archaeological and Environmental Museum of Waterways in Padua

The Brenta and Bacchiglione rivers told through underwater finds